On June 26, 1801, that is, on the 7th of the 9th year of the French Republic, Abraham-Louis Breguet obtained a 10-year patent for a new type of calibration device, named ‘Tourbillon’. The invention of the tourbillon is to correct the errors caused by the gravity of the clock. Today, this invention still has an unshakable place in the top watchmaking industry, which has also become one of the important milestones in the life of Master Breguet. It is closely related to astronomy and humanities, and it has also become a witness to the critical period of European thought.
Even if you are not an experienced watch enthusiast, I believe most people will not be unfamiliar when they hear the term tourbillon. To have a watch with a tourbillon function is a lifetime expectation of many timepiece enthusiasts.
The principle of the tourbillon is to put the entire balance, hairspring, and escapement into a cage that keeps rotating. This original method solves the gravity effect when the watch is in different vertical positions. Affect the problem of moving faster or slower.
Watercolor negatives of the 1801 tourbillon regulator patent file
Archive for the French National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI), Paris
Watchmaking myths that last more than two centuries
If the timepiece represents the passage of time, talents that can still stand the test of more than 200 years are still truly classics. In the lifetime after the invention of the tourbillon by Mr. Breguet, that is, from 1805 to 1823, a total of 35 tourbillon timepieces were sold, of which No. 1176 and No. 1188 can be said to be the classics of these tourbillon timepieces.
No. 1176 is the third tourbillon pocket watch made by Abraham-Louis Breguet and the first pocket watch with a four-minute tourbillon. This pocket watch has a fan-shaped power reserve display that provides 35 hours of power; it features an hour dial and two small, small seconds dials. This pocket watch is undoubtedly the pinnacle of Mr. Abraham-Louis Breguet and is equipped with the ‘natural escapement’ invented by the master himself in 1789. This pocket watch belongs to one of the most famous aristocrats in Poland during the Enlightenment, the Duke of Potoski.
No. 1188 tourbillon pocket watch, sold in 1808. There are two sub-dials above the dial, one for the small seconds display and the other for the stop-seconds function. The 36-hour power reserve display is located on the dial. The tourbillon frame and balance can be seen from the back of the mounted movement. After the death of Don Antonio de Bourbon, the pocket watch was transferred to a Turkish collector who asked Breguet to customize an enamel dial with Turkish numerals on the watch in 1841 .
Tradition 7047 Sesame Chain Tourbillon Rose Gold Watch
Speaking of Breguet’s modern tourbillon watch, it is necessary to mention the iconic Tradition series. This series of tourbillon watches is particularly charming, the most representative of which is the Tradition series 7047, this super complicated watch with tourbillon, sesame chain transmission system and silicon Breguet balance spring Features. Inspired by Abraham-Louis Breguet’s legendary Souscription. Its pure and modern aesthetic design creates unique conditions for the mechanical beauty of its tourbillon and sesame chain transmission system located on the upper part of the motherboard. This sculptural watch emphasizes contrast and three-dimensional effects, and gives each component a vibrant vitality.
Tradition 7047 gold watch, equipped with an impressive tower-shaped tourbillon device, equipped with a precision manual winding Breguet 569 movement, and equipped with a silicon Breguet hairspring, 50 hours power reserve and on the barrel Power reserve display. The sesame chain transmission system ensures a constant torque output during the operation of the watch.
Marine Équation Marchante 5887
Super Complication Watch
Breguet’s new Marine Équation Marchante 5887 watch is a unique chronograph masterpiece newly launched by Basel in 2017. This watch is not only equipped with the 581DR automatic winding movement, but also integrates the time equation, perpetual calendar and tourbillon. Super complicated functions, one of which is particularly proud of is the 60-second tourbillon, the Breguet balance wheel built into the titanium frame, and the silicon hairspring. This innovative design allows the balance to vibrate up to 4 Hz, while providing a self-winding movement with a sufficient power reserve of up to 80 hours. The dial has a power reserve indicator from 7 to 9 o’clock. The tourbillon runs coaxially with the cam of time equation, and through the transparent sapphire disc carrying the cam, the tourbillon mechanism is clearly identifiable.
Marine Équation Marchante 5887
The front of the dial is decorated with two different engraved patterns, of which the delicate wave pattern is specially designed for this watch. The tourbillon bridge is engraved with the words ‘Marine Royale’ and is striking. The bridge is carefully engraved with the Royal Navy first class battleship ‘Royal Louis’. Through the sapphire glass back cover, you can see the fine details. Clockwork box with wind rose nautical compass. The automatic hammer is located on the outer edge of the movement. The layout is exquisite. The gorgeous decoration makes this automatic movement perfect.
Double Tourbillon 5347
Breguet’s classic and sophisticated series of double tourbillon watches is the result of years of research and development by Breguet. Three patented mechanisms have escorted this watch, and its design aims to pursue extreme precision. Classique Grandes Complications 5347 watch with dual rotary tourbillon modulation, driven by a manual winding mechanical movement. The 44 mm mercerized platinum case, the outer ring is perfectly combined with the rotating plate and the tourbillon wheel frame, is an outstanding work of cutting-edge technology and exquisite design.
Classique Grandes Complications 5347
The independently operated tourbillon is mounted on the rotating central plate, and through the differential wheel coupling, the watch is driven to rotate once in 12 hours. The differential device transmits the standard speed of the tourbillon to the rotating central plate and the time display. The actual speed of the watch is the standard rate of two tourbillons, which is twice the normal movement. The calculation is not bad, which can offset the isochronous error of the oscillator when the watch is upright. The hour is displayed by the watch hands connected to two tourbillon modulations, and the minutes are displayed by the central standard hands.